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Government Agency entry Industrial Conciliation & Arbitration Commission (1961 - )


Regulatory Body


The passing of The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act of 1961 provided for the establishment of an Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Commission to carry out most of the arbitral functions of the Industrial Court, as previously constituted. The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Commission consisted of not more than five members. A Commissioner sat alone or as a member of the Full Bench of the Commission which was constituted by not less than three members of the Commission. Any question before the Full Bench was decided by a majority.

The Full Bench of the Commission, among other things, made declarations as to the cost of living, the standard of living, the basic wage, and standard hours of work. It made general rulings relating to any industrial matter after having given reasonable notice of its intention to do so, thus giving an opportunity for all interested persons to be heard.

The Commission, in addition to declaring rates of pay, specified conditions of employment under each of its awards, including such matters as overtime rates; proportion of female workers to male workers, young workers to adult workers, apprentices and improvers to journeymen; and hours of work. It also, notwithstanding the provisions of the Factories and Shops Act, fixed the hours of trading for shops.

Ross G. Elford